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The Ultimate Guide to Designing an Outdoor Kitchen: Gas vs Charcoal Explored

The Ultimate Guide to Designing an Outdoor Kitchen: Gas vs Charcoal Explored

As families and friends gather in gardens and patios, these bespoke cooking areas offer not just a space to prepare meals but a hub for social interaction and enjoyment in the fresh air. The allure of dining al fresco, combined with the convenience of having a fully equipped kitchen at one's disposal, perfectly complements the British love for garden parties and barbecues, regardless of the often unpredictable weather.

This article delves into the essentials of creating an outdoor kitchen, covering every angle from the initial design phase to the final implementation, including the myriad of practical considerations that come into play. Furthermore, we navigate through the legal frameworks governing the installation of gas and power supplies in outdoor kitchens, ensuring that your culinary haven complies with UK regulations and safety standards. A significant part of our discussion is dedicated to comparing gas and charcoal as the primary fuel sources for outdoor cooking, weighing their advantages and disadvantages. Whether you're drawn to the convenience and control of gas or the authentic taste and tradition of charcoal, this article aims to equip you with the knowledge to make an informed decision tailored to your outdoor living aspirations.

Understanding Outdoor Kitchens

Defining Outdoor Kitchens

An outdoor kitchen encompasses more than just a barbecue grill; it is a fully functional cooking area located outside, designed to complement your garden or patio space. Common features often include a range of appliances such as grills, pizza ovens, and refrigerators, integrated into weather-resistant cabinetry. These kitchens may also boast sinks, prep areas, and storage solutions, mirroring the convenience and functionality of their indoor counterparts.

Benefits of Outdoor Kitchens

Increased property value

Investing in an outdoor kitchen can significantly enhance the market value of your property. This addition is seen as a luxury feature, appealing to potential buyers who envision themselves entertaining in an open, sophisticated space.

Enhanced entertainment options

Outdoor kitchens transform garden parties and family gatherings, providing a unique and enjoyable cooking and dining experience. They allow hosts to prepare meals in the company of their guests, creating a more interactive and social atmosphere compared to traditional indoor settings.

The joy of outdoor cooking

Cooking outdoors offers a special pleasure that indoor kitchens cannot replicate. Whether it's the aroma of food on the grill or the enjoyment of being in the fresh air, outdoor kitchens provide a delightful escape from the confines of indoor cooking, allowing culinary enthusiasts to explore different cooking techniques and cuisines in the comfort of their own gardens.

Design considerations for outdoor kitchens

Designing an outdoor kitchen requires careful consideration of various factors to ensure it complements your outdoor living space, while also being practical and durable. Here, we delve into the key design elements such as location, layout, and materials, which are pivotal in creating a functional and aesthetically pleasing outdoor kitchen.


Choosing the right location is paramount for the functionality and enjoyment of your outdoor kitchen. Consider proximity to your indoor kitchen for ease of transporting food and utensils. Additionally, think about the direction of prevailing winds to avoid smoke and odours drifting into your home or dining area. It’s also vital to choose a spot that offers a pleasant view and integrates well with your garden or patio to enhance the overall outdoor experience.


The layout should promote efficiency and safety, ensuring that the cook has easy access to all areas without needing to traverse the cooking space frequently. Implementing the classic kitchen triangle concept, which arranges the cooking area, sink, and refrigerator in a triangular pattern, can optimise workflow. For larger spaces, consider zoning areas for preparation, cooking, and dining to facilitate a seamless entertainment experience.


Selecting materials that can withstand the vagaries of the British weather is crucial. Opt for durable, weather-resistant options such as stainless steel for appliances, natural stone or high-quality wood for surfaces, and consider UV-resistant materials for any outdoor furniture. These choices not only ensure longevity but also minimise maintenance efforts. Additionally, the materials should blend harmoniously with the surrounding garden and existing outdoor features to create a cohesive outdoor living environment.

Practical considerations

When designing an outdoor kitchen, several practical aspects must be taken into account to ensure the space is both functional and enjoyable. These considerations range from choosing the right storage solutions to ensuring adequate lighting and protection from the unpredictable British weather.

Storage solutions

Choosing the right storage solutions is crucial for maintaining an organised and efficient outdoor kitchen. Built-in cabinets made from weather-resistant materials such as stainless steel or marine-grade polymer can provide ample space for utensils, cookware, and dry food. Consider incorporating sealed drawers and waterproof storage compartments to protect items from moisture and pests. Additionally, strategic placement of recycling and rubbish bins can help maintain cleanliness and sustainability.


Adequate lighting is essential for safety and ambience in an outdoor kitchen. Task lighting should be installed around cooking and preparation areas to facilitate food preparation after dusk. Ambient lighting, such as LED strip lights under countertops or solar-powered garden lights, can create a welcoming atmosphere for evening entertaining. Ensure all lighting fixtures are rated for outdoor use to withstand the elements.

Weather protection

The UK's weather can be unpredictable, making weather protection a key consideration. Options include permanent roof structures, retractable awnings, or pergolas with waterproof covers. These solutions not only protect the kitchen and its users from rain but also provide shade on sunny days, enhancing comfort. When planning for weather protection, it's important to consider the direction of prevailing winds and the kitchen's exposure to the elements to choose the most effective solution.

Efficiency and safety

The layout of an outdoor kitchen should promote an efficient workflow and ensure safety. This involves careful planning of the placement of the grill, sink, and preparation areas to minimise unnecessary movement and reduce the risk of accidents. Non-slip flooring materials and adequate space around hot appliances are essential to prevent slips and ensure a safe cooking environment.

Legal requirements and safety

UK regulations and safety standards

When considering the installation of an outdoor kitchen in the UK, it is crucial to be well-informed about the relevant regulations and safety standards. These guidelines are designed to ensure that all outdoor kitchens, particularly those involving gas and electrical supplies, meet specific safety and quality benchmarks. Compliance with these regulations not only ensures the safety of users but also aids in avoiding legal complications that could arise from non-compliance.

Compliance with building codes and planning permissions

Before embarking on the construction of an outdoor kitchen, homeowners must check with their local council regarding planning permissions. Depending on the scale and specifics of the project, certain types of construction may require approval. This process ensures that the design and location of the outdoor kitchen adhere to local zoning laws and building codes, which cover aspects such as structure safety, environmental considerations, and community standards.

Gas safety

For those opting to install gas-powered appliances in their outdoor kitchens, employing a Gas Safe registered engineer is mandatory. These professionals are authorised to install, inspect, and maintain gas lines and appliances, ensuring they are up to code and safely connected. Regular maintenance checks by qualified personnel are essential to prevent gas leaks and other hazards.

Electrical considerations

Similarly, electrical installations must be handled by a qualified electrician, compliant with Part P of the Building Regulations. This section governs domestic electrical installations, ensuring they are executed safely and correctly. Outdoor kitchens often require lighting, refrigeration, and other electrical appliances, making adherence to these regulations critical for preventing accidents and ensuring long-term safety.

Gas vs. Charcoal – pros and cons

When delving into the realm of outdoor kitchens, one of the pivotal decisions revolves around the choice of fuel: gas or charcoal. Each option brings its distinct advantages and drawbacks, influenced by factors such as ease of use, flavour, and cost.



  • Ease of Use: Gas grills offer unparalleled convenience, with the ability to ignite and reach cooking temperatures rapidly. This feature is particularly appealing for those seeking a straightforward, fuss-free cooking experience.
  • Temperature Control: With gas, maintaining and adjusting the cooking temperature is effortless, allowing for precise heat management and more consistent cooking results.
  • Cleanliness: Gas burns cleaner than charcoal, producing less smoke and leaving behind minimal residue. This aspect not only contributes to a more pleasant cooking environment but also eases the cleaning process.
  • Quicker Start-Up Time: The quick ignition system of gas grills means that you can start cooking almost immediately, making it ideal for impromptu gatherings or busy schedules.


  • Higher Initial Cost: The upfront investment for a gas grill is typically higher than that for a charcoal grill, potentially deterring budget-conscious buyers.
  • Less Traditional Flavour: Some purists argue that gas grilling doesn't impart the same smoky flavour to food that charcoal grilling does, which can be a significant consideration for flavour aficionados.
  • Gas Supply Requirements: Operating a gas grill necessitates a continuous gas supply, which means either a fixed gas line or regular refilling of bottled gas, adding an element of dependency and planning.



  • Richer Flavour: Charcoal enthusiasts often cite the distinctive, smoky flavour that charcoal imparts to food as a major advantage, offering a more traditional barbecue taste experience.
  • Traditional Cooking Experience: The process of lighting and tending to a charcoal grill can be a ritual in itself, cherished by barbecue purists for the authentic experience it provides.
  • Lower Initial Cost: Generally, charcoal grills are less expensive than their gas counterparts, making them an attractive option for those on a tighter budget.


  • Longer Preparation Time: Getting a charcoal grill ready for cooking takes more time, as the coals need to be lit and allowed to reach the desired temperature.
  • More Cleanup Required: Post-cooking cleanup can be more demanding with charcoal grills, as ash and leftover coals need to be disposed of properly.
  • Managing Charcoal Supply: Unlike gas grills, which can be connected to an endless supply line, charcoal grill users must ensure they have a sufficient quantity of charcoal on hand, which requires foresight and storage space.

The decision between gas and charcoal grills is not one to be taken lightly. It involves weighing the importance of convenience and cleanliness against authenticity and flavour. Ultimately, the choice depends on personal preferences, lifestyle, and how one likes to experience outdoor cooking.

Maintenance and upkeep

Importance of regular maintenance

The longevity and safety of outdoor kitchens, whether they utilise gas or charcoal, are significantly enhanced by diligent maintenance. Regular upkeep not only ensures the efficient operation of appliances but also safeguards against the potential hazards that can arise from gas leaks or the buildup of grease and debris. For gas-powered kitchens, it's crucial to regularly check connections and hoses for leaks, using soapy water to identify any escaping gas. For charcoal kitchens, ensuring that the grill is clean and free of ash after each use prevents accidental fires and improves the quality of cooking.

Cleaning tips

  • Gas Outdoor Kitchens: Cleaning should focus on the burners, grates, and the interior surfaces. Burners should be checked and cleaned to prevent clogging. Grates can be soaked in a mixture of warm water and detergent to loosen grease.
  • Charcoal Outdoor Kitchens: Ash should be removed after every use, and grates should be brushed to remove food residue. Using a grill cleaner can help in removing stubborn grease and build-up.

Winterising your outdoor kitchen

As the colder months approach, preparing your outdoor kitchen for winter is essential to prevent damage from freezing temperatures and moisture.

  • Draining Water Lines: To avoid frozen pipes and potential bursts, all water lines should be drained.
  • Covering Appliances: Use waterproof covers for grills, sinks, and refrigerators to protect them from snow and rain.
  • Storing Accessories: Remove and store any removable accessories or cooking tools indoors to prevent rust and weather damage.

Regular maintenance and seasonal preparation not only extend the life of your outdoor kitchen but also ensure it's ready to use when the warmer weather returns.

In wrapping up our exploration of outdoor kitchens, we've delved into a variety of crucial aspects that are instrumental in the planning, designing, and execution of these delightful extensions of your indoor living spaces. From aesthetic considerations to practical necessities and stringent legal requirements, every angle has been covered to ensure you're well-informed and prepared to bring your outdoor culinary dreams to life.

Preferences and practical needs

Gas vs. charcoal

When deciding between gas and charcoal for your outdoor kitchen, consider your cooking style, taste preferences, and convenience needs. Gas grills offer quick start-up, easy temperature control, and minimal clean-up, making them a favourite for those who value convenience and efficiency. On the other hand, charcoal grills appeal to traditionalists who savour the rich, smoky flavour imparted to the food and don't mind the extra preparation and clean-up time involved.

Your lifestyle and how often you entertain outdoors will also influence your choice. Frequent use and a preference for quick, hassle-free cooking lean towards a gas setup, whereas occasional use with a focus on the cooking experience itself may call for charcoal.

Legal requirements

Navigating the legalities of installing an outdoor kitchen requires careful attention to building codes, safety standards, and planning permissions. Ensuring gas and electrical components are installed by certified professionals is not just a matter of compliance but of safety. The complexity of these installations necessitates a thorough understanding of what is required to avoid potential hazards and legal complications.

In conclusion, your outdoor kitchen should reflect your culinary aspirations, lifestyle, and legal obligations. Whether you lean towards the modern convenience of a gas grill or the traditional charm of charcoal, ensure that your choice aligns with your personal preferences, practical needs, and safety standards. Happy cooking!

If you would like to follow up on this or any other gardening or landscaping topic then please do get in touch

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